Dunfermline is a city in the Fife countryside in Scotland. Dunfermline has retained numerous elements from the past. Dunfermline dates back to the Neolithic period, gaining recognition during the Bronze Age and officially being recorded in the 11th century. One can still feel that they are in a modern city as Dunfermline is a major service center with retail, leisure and learning facilities. Relics from the past include the Dunfermline Palace and Abbey, the Dunfermline City Chambers, the Abbot House and the Pitfirrane Castle.